Square Miles Water Net Land Sq Miles Miles Net Land Acres
113,990 398 sq mi 113,591 72,698,262
Cost: $3,870,936,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)
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Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016
Lithor.com Copyright 2012-16 | All Rights Reserved
(Includes production less power generation)
Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor
Conversion Tool: "Online Conversion"
Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration
"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m /day) Uncertainty ± 9%" Arizona
Distillate Fuel Oil
Nuclear Electric Power
U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy (2014)
3 State Subtotal: $11,886,816,000,000 USD
3 State Subtotal Acreage: 11,886,816
Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 7,426 megawatts per hour. (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 65,056,816 mWh's annually and 28,218 installed megawatts on 169,308 acres. Currently Arizona consumes 2,400,620,491 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 87,862,710 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 22,805,894 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 60,015,512,275 miles driven in Arizona. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,777,508,633 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 17,152,958 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.
1 U.S. gallon of gasoline weighs 6.073 lbs. The combustion of 1 U.S. gallon (3.8 L) of gasoline produces 8.74 kilograms (19.3 lb) of carbon dioxide (2.3 kg/l), wikipedia
Natural Gas Fired
Distillate Fuel Oil
Nuclear Electric Power
The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Arizona's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration. These conversions would be Arizona's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost. For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres. However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs" wikipedia
Solar PV to replace all of Arizona's spent fuels: 6,048 sq miles = 1 square mile of solar PV in every 18.78 square miles of Arizona's land surface (excluding surface water)
U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585
To replace Arizona's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.
Arizona Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Arizona Spent Same Source Consumption
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
1,000,286,510 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 114,187 megawatts per hour averaged
x 5.65 (multplier) = 645,156 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 Acres = 3,870,936 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 18.78 acres
= 34.07 acres of every sq mile of Arizona's land surface. (excluding surface water acreage)
This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost. And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.
"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector" Public Information