129,623,231

90,572

87,862,710

41,938,472

2,168,726

--

6,262,721

96,050,026

16,393,737

9,231,739

      14,770,775

497,874,754

    502,411,756

​1,000,286,510

                                            .35 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Miles Net Land Acres
     113,990                     398 sq mi                         113,591                                      72,698,262

Cost:  $3,870,936,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Arizona

Arizona Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Total

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables​

U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
3 State Subtotal:   $11,886,816,000,000 USD
3 State Subtotal Acreage:  11,886,816

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 7,426 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 65,056,816 mWh's annually and 28,218 installed megawatts on 169,308 acres. Currently Arizona consumes 2,400,620,491 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 87,862,710 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 22,805,894 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 60,015,512,275 miles driven in Arizona.  This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,777,508,633 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 17,152,958 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.


​1 U.S. gallon of gasoline weighs 6.073 lbs. The combustion of 1 U.S. gallon (3.8 L) of gasoline produces 8.74 kilograms (19.3 lb) of carbon dioxide (2.3 kg/l),  wikipedia

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables​

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Arizona's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Arizona's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Solar PV to replace all of Arizona's spent fuels:  6,048  sq miles                                                                                = 1 square mile of solar PV in every 18.78 square miles of Arizona's land surface (excluding surface water)

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

1,614,000

1,862,000

--

--

--

--

9,000

3,008,000

663,000

--

  381,000

502,411,756

To replace Arizona's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Arizona Energy Production Estimates 2013

Arizona Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
 Other Arizona Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents​

2

1,000,286,510 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 114,187 megawatts per hour averaged

x 5.65 (multplier)  = 645,156 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 Acres  = 3,870,936  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 18.78  acres
=  34.07  acres of every sq mile of Arizona's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.


​"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

2

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
  Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

(Includes production less power generation)

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Arizona

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Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor

Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    5.65                              7.42                              4.24                (24/5.65)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center