Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

                                           2.09 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      53,179                    1,111 sq mi                         52,068                                   32,847,360

1,237,000

797,000

--

--

--

--

3,000

1,315,000

398,000

--

  133,000

3,883,000

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Arkansas

98,172,711

79,738,933

46,481,073

35,930,514

2,666,946

--

8,115,069

43,055,962

6,958,084

28,134,824

     160,071

349,414,187

    3,883,000

353,297,187

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
4 State Subtotal:   $13,382,250,000,000 USD
4 State Subtotal Acreage:  113,382,250

353,297,187 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 40,330 megawatts per hour averaged

x  5.58 (multplier)  = 249,239 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres  = 1,495,434  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 21.96  acres
=  29.14  acres of every sq mile of Arkansas' land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Arkansas

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Arkansas Energy Production Estimates 2013

To replace Arizona's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Arkansas Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 3928 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 34,416,314 mWh's annually and 21,918 installed megawatts on 131,509 acres. Currently Arkansas consumes 1,269,974,672 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 46,481,073 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 12,064,759 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 31,749,366,800 miles driven in Arkansas.  This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 940,336,448 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 9,074,246 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Solar PV to replace all of Arkansas' spent fuels:  2,336  sq miles                                                                                   = 1 square mile of solar PV in every 21.96 square miles of Arkansas' land surface (excluding surface water)

Cost:  $1,495,434,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

2

2

​"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Total

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Arkansas' minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Arkansas' approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor

Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables​

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Arkansas Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Arkansas Spent Same Source Consumption 
 
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents​

(Includes production less power generation)

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
DirectSolar.com                                                    3.88                               5.29                              6.18                (24/4.3)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables​

1 U.S. gallon of gasoline weighs 6.073 lbs. The combustion of 1 U.S. gallon (3.8 L) of gasoline produces 8.74 kilograms (19.3 lb) of carbon dioxide (2.3 kg/l),  wikipedia