Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

California Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Cakifornia Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

2

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

California Energy Production Estimates 2013

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     3.31                               8.7                               7.25                (24/3.31)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Solar PV to replace all of California's spent fuels:  13,398  sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 16.13 square miles of California's land surface (excluding surface water)

2

                                            4.7 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
     163,696                   7,693 sq mi                        156,003                                  99,841,920

1,733,781,781 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 197,920 megawatts per hour averaged

x  7.25 (multplier)  = 1,429,120 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 8,574,720  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 11.64  acres
=  54.98 acres of every sq mile of California's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize California's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be California's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  California

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 40,551 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 355,230,179 mWh's annually and 211,270 installed megawatts on 1,267,620 acres. Currently California consumes 13,108,124,672 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 479,757,363 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 124,527,184 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 327,703,116,800 miles driven in California.  This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 9,705,742,595 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 93,660,416 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.


​1 U.S. gallon of gasoline weighs 6.073 lbs. The combustion of 1 U.S. gallon (3.8 L) of gasoline produces 8.74 kilograms (19.3 lb) of carbon dioxide (2.3 kg/l),  wikipedia

(Includes production less power generation)

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Total

31,000

5,521,000

--

--

--

--

--

1,695,000

2,770,000

--

  4,308,000

14,320,000

U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
5 State Subtotal:   $21,956,670,000,000 USD
5 State Subtotal Acreage:  21,956,670

California

Cost:  $8,574,720,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - April 2016

(Megawatthours)

To replace California's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

California Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
  Other California Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  | All Rights Reserved

11,545,307

702,978,343

479,757,363

164,412,877

15,093,160

24,764,506

92,639,769

50,383,731

43,300,774

87,481,718

 119,104,233

1,719,461,781

     14,320,000

1,733,781,781