Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor

Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Total:

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
DirectSolar.com                                                    3.58                               4.69                             6.70                (24/3.58)

NASA Atmospheric Data Center

Connecticut Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Solar PV to replace all of Connecticut's spent fuels:  1,594  sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 3.03 square miles of Connecticut's land surface (excluding surface water)

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Connecticut

2,666,946

69,189,902

46,627,609

32,736,040

2,960,017

1,201,591

4,220,223

47,007,878

1,157,591

10,550,559

     1,007,363

219,325,719

     2,998,000

222,323,719

U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
7 State Subtotal:   $26,044,272,000,000 USD
7 State Subtotal Acreage:  26,044,272

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

To replace Connecticut's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

                                            12.6 %
 
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
        5,543                       698 sq mi                          4,844                                       3,100,532

222,323,719 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 25,379 megawatts per hour averaged

x  6.70 (multplier)  = 170,039 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 1,020,234  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 3.03  acres
=  211.22 acres of every sq mile of Connecticut's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Connecticut Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Connecticut Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 3,941 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 34,524,815 mWh's annually and 28,651 installed megawatts on 171,906 acres. Currently Connecticut consumes 1,273,978,388 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 46,627,609 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 12,102,794 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 31,849,459,700 miles driven in Connecticut.  This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 943,300,956 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 9,102,854 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Cost:  $1,020,234,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

--

1,323,000

--

--

--

--

--

1,554,000

44,000

--

     77,000

2,998,000

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Connecticut's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Connecticut's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

2

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

(Includes production less power generation)

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

2

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Connecticut Energy Production Estimates 2013

Connecticut