Delaware Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Delaware Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Delaware's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Delaware's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

U.S. Accumulative Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
8 State Subtotal:   $26,359,800,000,000 USD
8 State Subtotal Acreage:  26,359,800

2

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 1,328 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 11,637,735 mWh's annually and 8,844 installed megawatts on 53,064 acres. Currently Delaware consumes 385,156,256 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 14,096,719 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 3,658,984 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 9,628,906,400 miles driven in Delaware.  This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 317,970,901 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 3,068,419 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

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582,000

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--

--

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  12,000

594,000

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Delaware

(Includes production less power generation)

Delaware Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Delaware Energy Production Estimates 2013

64,710,091 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 7,386 megawatts per hour averaged

x  7.12 (multplier)  = 52,588 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 315,528  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 3.15  acres
=  203.17 acres of every sq mile of Delaware's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

2,989,325

30,717,991

14,096,719

4,278,837

1,436,048

351,685

7,971,533

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1,817,040

      456,913

64,116,091

      594,000

64,710,091

2

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     3.37                              4.69                              7.12                (24/3.37)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

                                            21.5 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
       1,982                       426 sq mi                            1,556                                      995,840

Solar PV to replace all of Delaware's spent fuels:  493 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 3.15 square miles of Delaware's land surface (excluding surface water)

Delaware Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Total

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Delaware

To replace Delaware's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Cost:  $315,528,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration