.98 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      83,569                      818 sq mi                           82,751                                  52,960,640

--

251,000

--

--

--

--

--

--

881,000

--

    337,000

1,469,000

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Idaho's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Idaho's  approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Cost:  $745,458,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Total

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 2,004 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 17,555,358 mWh's annually and 15,510 installed megawatts on 93,060 acres. Currently Idaho consumes 479,654,590 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 23,709,450 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 6,154,092 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 16,194,979,500 miles driven in Idaho. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 479,654,590 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 4,628,666 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

To replace Idaho's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Idaho Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Idaho Spent Same Source Consumption 
 
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Idaho Energy Production Estimates 2014
Idaho Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
12 State Subtotal:   $34,927,920,000,000 USD
12 State Subtotal Acreage:  34,927,920

Solar PV to replace all of Idaho's spent fuels:  1,164 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 66.08 square miles of Idaho's land surface (excluding surface water)

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Idaho

(Includes production less power generation)

2

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)


"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

2,198,033

27,385,603

27,709,450

17,906,643

1,465,355

--

2,285,954

--

24,205,884

11,722,843

8,162,061

   30,655,235

149,697,061

     1,469,000

151,166,061

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     3.33                              5.83                              7.20              (24/3.33)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

2

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

​Net Interstate Flow of Electricity

151,166,061 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 17,256 megawatts per hour averaged

x  7.20 (multplier)  = 124,243 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 745,458  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 71.04 acres
=  9.0 acres of every sq mile of Idaho's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Idaho

Idaho Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate