Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

To replace Illinois' energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Illinois

3,529,000

1,534,000

--

--

--

--

--

7,944,000

13,000

--

   1,145,000

​14,162,000

375,558,446

322,456,082

151,869,435

83,701,101

19,840,912

--

50,115,155

292,017,253

--

40,561,037

37,716,255

51,609,817

      16,236,138

1,441,681,631

      14,162,000

1,455,843,631

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

1,455,843,631 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 166,192 megawatts per hour averaged

x  16.32 (multplier)  = 2,712,253 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 16,273,518  acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 2.18 acres
=  293.57 acres of every sq mile of Illinois' land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Illinois Energy Production Estimates 2014

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Illinois' minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Illinois'  approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 12,836 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 112,449,773 mWh's annually and 106,153 installed megawatts on 636,153 acres. Currently Illinois consumes 4,149,438,114 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 151,869,435 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 39,419,662 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 103,735,952,850 miles driven in Illinois. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 3,072,398,169 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 29,648,642 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.


"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Illinois Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

2

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Bio Fuels

​Crude Oil

                                             4 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      57,914                     2,316 sq mi                        55,598                                   35,582,720

Cost:  $16,273,518,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                     Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    1.47                               4.08                              16.32              (24/1.47)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

(Includes production less power generation)

Illinois

Total

Illinois Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Illinois Spent Same Source Consumption 
 
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Illinois Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Solar PV to replace all of Illinois' spent fuels:  25,427 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 2.18 square miles of Illinois' land surface (excluding surface water)

2

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
13 State Subtotal:   $51,201,438,000,000 USD
13 State Subtotal Acreage:  51,201,438

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.