Solar PV to replace all of Indiana's spent fuels:  9,074 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 3.95 square miles of Indiana's land surface (excluding surface water)

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Indiana Energy Production Estimates 2014

(Includes production less power generation)

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 8,432 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 73,867,045 mWh's annually and 87,692 installed megawatts on 526,152 acres. Currently Indiana consumes 2,725,721,202 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 99,761,396 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 25,894,351 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 68,143,030,050 miles driven in Indiana. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 2,018,225,273 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 19,475,873 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Indiana Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

2

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Indiana's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Indiana's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Indiana

Indiana

901,105,654 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 102,865 megawatts per hour averaged

x  9.41 (multplier)  = 967,959 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x  6 acres = 5,807,754 acres
=  1 acre of solar PV in every 3.95 acres
=  162.02 acres of every sq mile of Indiana's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

                                            1.5 %
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      36,418                      546 sq mi                           35,872                                  22,958,080

To replace Indiana's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
14 State Subtotal:   $57,009,192,000,000 USD
14 State Subtotal Acreage:  57,009,192

5,177,000

1,797,000

--

--

--

--

11,000

--

30,000

--

    566,000

7,581,000

Indiana Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    2.55                                5.02                             9.41               (24/2.55)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

​Net Interstate Flow of Electricity

Bio Fuels

Crude Oil

352,809,328

210,591,614

99,761,396

74,000,396

6,594,099

--

29,501,258

--

995,748

33,058,418

    22,126,866

​19,371,998

41,029,951

​     4,249,510

893,524,654

     7,581,000

901,105,654


Cost:  $5,807,754,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Total

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

2

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Indiana Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Indiana Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents