Solar PV to replace all of Kansas' spent fuels:  3,303 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 24.75 square miles of Kansas' land surface (excluding surface water)

Kansas Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Kansas Spent Same Source Consumption
  
Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Cost:  $2,114,334,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Kansas Energy Production Estimates 2014

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Kansas

Total

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier                                    SolarDirect.com                                                    3.62                               5.08                              6.62             (24/4.2)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

                                            0.6%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      82,278                     493 sq mi                            81,785                                  52,342,400

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Kansas Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

91,575,304

92,882,761

43,169,370

41,059,258

3,253,089

322,378

14,565,632

25,322,861

--

13,451,962

31,628,418

84,170,015

    21,218,346

462,619,394

      3,686,000

466,305,394

To replace Kansas' energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Kansas Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

2

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
16 State Subtotal:   $61,883,958,000,000 USD
16 State Subtotal Acreage:  61,883,958

1,211,000

138,000

--

--

--

--

--

907,000

--

--

 1,430,000

3,686,000

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

466,305,394 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 53,231 megawatts per hour averaged

x 6.62 (multplier)  = 352,389 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 2,114,334 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 24.75 acres
= 25.85 acres of every sq mile of Kansas' land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

2

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 3,648 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 31,964,206 mWh's annually and 20,830 installed megawatts on 124,980 acres. Currently Kansas consumes 1,179,490,983 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 43,169,370 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 11,205,164 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 29,487,274,575 miles driven in Kansas. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 873,338,961 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 8,427,720 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

(Includes production less power generation)

Kansas

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Crude Oil

​BioFuels

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Kansas' minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Kansas' approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia