Cost:  $3,795,120,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

4,563,000

584,000

--

--

--

--

--

--

315,000

--

      42,000

5,504,000

(Includes production less power generation)

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     3.6                                5.97                               6.66               (24/3.6)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Kentucky

Kentucky Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 5,846 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 51,212,170 mWh's annually and 46,768 installed megawatts on 280,608 acres. Currently Kentucky consumes 1,889,747,950 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 69,164,775 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 17,952,605 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 47,243,698,750 miles driven in Kentucky. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,399,239,617 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 13,502,662 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Solar PV to replace all of Kentucky's spent fuels:  5,929 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 6.69 square miles of Kentucky's land surface (excluding surface water)

Total

Kentucky Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Kentucky Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

                                            1.7%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      40,409                      686 sq mi                           39,723                                   25,422,720

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

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U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Kentucky Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

To replace Kentucky's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Kentucky's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Kentucky's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Kentucky

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
17 State Subtotal:   $65,679,078,000,000 USD
17 State Subtotal Acreage:  65,679,078

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

831,970,186 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 94,973 megawatts per hour averaged

x 6.66 (multplier) = 632,520 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 3,795,120 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 6.69 acres
= 95.66 acres of every sq mile of Kentucky's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Kentucky Energy Production Estimates 2014

543,274,776

75,966,166

69,164,775

47,770,586

10,609,173

--

26,698,775

--

8,447,825

16,763,665

  20,560,897

5,744,193

      1,465,355

826,466,186

      5,504,000

831,970,186

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Crude Oil

​BioFuels

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