This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Cost:  $6,209,244,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

1,371,484,744 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 156,562 megawatts per hour averaged

x 6.61 (multplier)  =  1,034,874 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 6,209,244 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 4.54 acres
= 140.96 acres of every sq mile of Louisiana's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

(Includes production less power generation)

2

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Louisiana Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Louisiana Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Solar PV to replace all of Louisiana's spent fuels:  9,701 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 4.54 square miles of Louisiana's land surface (excluding surface water)

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 6,324 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 55,400,284 mWh's annually and 33,517 installed megawatts on 201,102 acres. Currently Louisiana consumes 2,044,290,901 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 74,821,047 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 19,420,763 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 51,107,272,525 miles driven in Louisiana. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,513,668,961 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 14,606,905 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Louisiana Energy Production Estimates 2014

2

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Louisiana's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Louisiana's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt.  ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     3.63                              5.73                              6.61                  (24/3.87)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Louisiana Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

60,962,927

609,258,526

74,821,047

56,445,490

181,088,622

12,455,521

233,225,968

51,547,173

2,952,939

42,319,464

749,134

      38,069,933

1,363,896,744

        7,588,000

1,371,484,744

582,000

5,165,000

--

--

--

--

--

1,528,000

95,000

--

    218,000

7,588,000

Louisiana

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Total

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

                                             15%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      51,843                    7,776 sq mi                         44,067                                   28,202,880

Louisiana Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

To replace Louisiana's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

​Net Interstate Flow of Electricity 

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Louisiana

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
18 State Subtotal:   $71,888,322,000,000 USD
18 State Subtotal Acreage:  71,888,322