2

Average Available Sunlit hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    2.57                              5.62                              9.33                   (24/2.57)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

2

Maine Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

4,000

252,000

--

--

--

--

--

--

343,000

--

   402,000

1,001000

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
19 State Subtotal:   $72,908,610,000,000 USD
19 State Subtotal Acreage:  65,938,518

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Maine

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 2,900 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 25,406,476 mWh's annually and 23,200 installed megawatts on 139,200 acres. Currently Maine consumes 701,448,797 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 25,673,06 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 266,550 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 701,448,797 miles driven in Maine. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 694,166,010 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 6,698,710 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Maine Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Maine Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

(Includes production less power generation)

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Maine's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Maine's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Maine Energy Production Estimates 2014

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Total

                                           13.5%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      35,385                    4,776 sq mi                         30,609                                   19,589,760

Cost:  $1,020,288,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Maine Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - April 2016

(Megawatthours)

To replace Maine's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

159,665,121 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 18,226 megawatts per hour averaged

x 9.33 (multplier)  = 170,288 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 1,020,288 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 19.20 acres
= 33.33 acres of every sq mile of Maine's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Solar PV to replace all of Maine's spent fuels:  1,594 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 19.20 square miles of Maine's land surface (excluding surface water)

Maine

611,449

18,035,635

25,673,026

19,635,762

3,751,309

2,256,647

2,168,726

--

9,767,952

32,823,961

   43,939,654

 158,664,121

     1,001,000

159,665,121