2,246,000

2,805,000

--

--

--

--

8,000

2,203,000

157,000

--

    610,000

8,029,000

Michigan Energy Production Estimates 2014
Michigan Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 12,762 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 111,798,771 mWh's annually and 153,144 installed megawatts on 918,864 acres. Currently Michigan consumes 4,125,415,901 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 150,990,222 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 39,191,451 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 103,135,397,525 miles driven in Michigan. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 3,054,611,229 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 29,476,998 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    2.33                               5.2                              10.30                 (24/2.0)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center 

To replace Michigan's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Michigan Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Michigan Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

179,018,465

254,716,560

150,990,222

49,148,020

13,510,576

--

23,115,308

93,572,630

4,297,680

43,989,969

44,874,632

12,396,906

   11,195,315

880,826,283

     8,029,000

888,855,283

Cost:  $6,270,660,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Solar PV to replace all of Michigan's spent fuels:  9,797 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 5.77 square miles of Michigan's land surface (excluding surface water)

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewable

                                           41.5%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      96,716                   40,137 sq mi                        56,578                                   36,210,560

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Michigan

Michigan

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Michigan's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Michigan's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

2

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Crude Oil

​BioFuels

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
22 State Subtotal:   $83,178,666,000,000 USD
22 State Subtotal Acreage:  83,178,666

"Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy Source and Industry Sector"         Public Information

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

2

Michigan Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Total

888,855,283 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 101,467 megawatts per hour averaged

x 10.30 (multplier)  = 1,045,110 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 6,270,660 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 5.77 acres
= 110.91 acres of every sq mile of Michigan's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.