18,912,699

402,238,364

181,997,142

99,849,318

9,729,959

20,983,889

19,205,463

129,401,294

70,249,935

39,505,982

109,408,884

6,857,863

586,142​

      17,584,265

​1,126,511,199

        9,784,000

1,136,295,199

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                   1.58                               4.97                             15.18                 (24/2.2)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Total

                                           13.5%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      54,555                  7,364 sq miles                      47,191                                   30,202,240

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

1,136,295,199 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 129,714 megawatts per hour averaged

x 15.18 (multplier)  = 1,969,058 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 11,814,348 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 2.55 acres
= 250.98 acres of every sq mile of New York's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Solar PV to replace all of New York's spent fuels:  18,459 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 2.55 square miles of New York's land surface (excluding surface water)

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

New York

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
32 State Subtotal:   $111,560,168,000,000 USD
32 State Subtotal Acreage:  111,560,168

New York Energy Production Estimates 2014

2

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

2

To replace New York's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

New York Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

New York Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other New York Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Cost:  $11,814,348,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

New York Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize New York's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be New York's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 15,383 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 134,757,447 mWh's annually and 167,674 installed megawatts on 1,006,044 acres. Currently New York consumes 4,972,599,508 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 181,997,142 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 47,239,695 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 124,314,987,700 miles driven in New York. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 3,681,897,459 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 35,530,310 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Biofuels

Crude Oil

​Net Interstate Flow of Electricity

49,000

4,134,000

--

--

--

--

20,000

2,510,000

2,461,000

--

    610,000

9,784,000

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  New York

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585