"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  North Carolina

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                     4.0                               5.81                                6.0                   (24/4.0)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - April 2016

(Megawatthours)

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

780,507,904 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 89,099 megawatts per hour averaged

x 6.0 (multplier)  = 534,594 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 3,207,564 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 9.71 acres
= 65.91 acres of every sq mile of North Carolina's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

                                            9.5%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
     53,819                   5,112 sq miles                      48,707                                   31,172,480

North Carolina Energy Production Estimates 2014

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize North Carolina's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be North Carolina's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

2

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 12,056 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 105,614,251 mWh's annually and 65,705 installed megawatts on 394,230 acres. Currently North Carolina consumes 3,897,204,808 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 142,637,696 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 37,023,445 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 97,430,120,200 miles driven in North Carolina. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 2,885,635,273 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 27,846,380 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
33 State Subtotal:   $114,767,732,000,000 USD
33 State Subtotal Acreage:  114,767,732

145,587,455

131,884,462

142,637,696

54,481,914

10,697,094

322,378

11,621,922

122,340,959

12,711,812

42,671,149

48,522,485​

   48,151,578

771,630,904

     8,877,000

780,507,904

2

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

North Carolina Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other North Carolina Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

To replace North Carolina's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

North Carolina Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

1,417,000

3,192,000

--

--

--

--

14,000

3,240,000

535,000

--

    479,000

8,877,000

North Carolina

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

​Interstate Net Flow of Electricity

Solar PV to replace all of North Carolina's spent fuels:  5,011 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 9.71 square miles of North Carolina's land surface (excluding surface water)

Cost:  $3,207,564,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

North Carolina Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Total