Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Total

2

1,041,725,111 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 118,918 megawatts per hour averaged

x 6.13 (multplier)  = 728,967 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 4,373,802 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 10.09 acres
= 63.42 acres of every sq mile of North Dakota's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

North Dakota Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Dakota Carolina Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

1,531,000

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

151,000

-

    717,000

2,399,000

Cost:  $4,373,802,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Solar PV to replace all of North Dakota's spent fuels:  6,834 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 10.09 square miles of North Dakota's land surface (excluding surface water)

2

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize North Dakota's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be North Dakota's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

North Dakota Energy Production Estimates 2014

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
34 State Subtotal:   $119,141,534,000,000 USD
34 State Subtotal Acreage:  119,141,534

North Dakota Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  North Dakota

115,462,976

126,460,172

15,239,696

43,227,984

3,223,781

--

6,388,949

--

7,063,013

7,824,997

24,721,057

15,122,467​

    674,591,019

1,039,326,111

        2,399,000

1,041,725,111

North Dakota

To replace North Dakota's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Coal

Natural Gas

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Biofuels

​Crude Oil

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    3.91                              5.48                               6.13                   (24/3.91)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

North Dakota Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

                                             2.4%
Square Miles:                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      70,698                  1,696 sq miles                       69,002                                   44,161,280

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 1,288 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 11,284,038 mWh's annually and 9,660 installed megawatts on 57,960 acres. Currently North Dakota consumes 416,385,136 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 15,385,696 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 3,955,658 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 10,409,628,400 miles driven in North Dakota. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 308,307,049 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 2,975,163 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.