To replace Ohio's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

2

4,990,000

2,231,000

--

--

--

--

13,000

914,000

45,000

-

    196,000

8,389,000

Ohio Energy Production Estimates 2014

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    2.66                              5.26                               9.02              (24/2.66)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

                                            8.7%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      44,825                  3,899 sq miles                       40,926                                  26,192,640

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Ohio's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Ohio's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Ohio Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Ohio Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 13,706 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 120,066,499 mWh's annually and 156,522 installed megawatts on 939,132 acres. Currently Ohio consumes 4,430,498,087 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 162,156,230 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 42,089,731 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 110,762,425,175 miles driven in Ohio. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 3,280,505,437 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 31,656,877 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

1,154,076,303 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 131,743 megawatts per hour averaged

x 9.02 (multplier)  = 1,188,321 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 7,129,926 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 3.67 acres
= 174.38 acres of every sq mile of Ohio's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
35 State Subtotal:   $126,271,460,000,000 USD
35 State Subtotal Acreage:  126,271,460

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Biofuels

Crude Oil

Net Interstate Flow of Electricity

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Ohio

Ohio

Solar PV to replace all of Ohio's spent fuels:  11,140 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 3.67 square miles of Ohio's land surface (excluding surface water)

Total

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Ohio Energy Consumption Estimates 2014
Ohio Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Cost:  $7,129,926,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

304,903,363

303,823,132

162,156,230

89,855,594

8,059,454

644,756

42,804,685

48,996,005

1,273,819

30,069,933

23,621,529

22,068,252

25,350,648

      82,059,903

1,145,687,303

        8,389,000

1,154,076,303


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U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585