Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 5,573 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 48,825,162 mWh's annually and 29,035 installed megawatts on 174,210 acres. Currently Oklahoma consumes 1,801,666,475 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 65,940,993 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 17,115,831 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 45,041,661,475 miles driven in Oklahoma. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,334.020,819 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 12,873,300 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  | All Rights Reserved

Average Available Sunlit Hours:                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                    4.22                              6.26                               5.68                  (24/4.22)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

​Crude Oil

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
36 State Subtotal:   $131,335,712,000,000 USD
36 State Subtotal Acreage:  131,335,712

Oklahoma Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

97,800,191

776,662,239

65,940,993

55,155,977

3,106,553

879,213

20,544,282

--

3,789,766

12,572,749

43,890,781

    215,964,081

1,296,306,825​

       5,427,000

1,301,733,825

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Oklahoma's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Oklahoma's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

2

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Total

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

To replace Oklahoma's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

1,301,733,825 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 148,599 megawatts per hour averaged

x 5.68 (multplier)  = 844,042 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 5,064,252 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 8.67 acres
= 73.81 acres of every sq mile of Oklahoma's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Oklahoma Energy Production Estimates 2014

701,000

2,731,000

--

--

--

--

--

--

196,000

-

 1,799,000

5,427,000

Solar PV to replace all of Oklahoma's spent fuels:  7,912 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 8.67 square miles of Oklahoma's land surface (excluding surface water)

Oklahoma Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Oklahoma Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

                                            1.8%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      69,899                  1,258 sq miles                       68,641                                  43,930,240

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Oklahoma

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Cost:  $5,064,252,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

Oklahoma

Oklahoma Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate