Tennessee Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 8,833 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 77,382,457 mWh's annually and 57,237 installed megawatts on 343,422 acres. Currently Tennessee consumes 2,855,441,202 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 104,509,148 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 27,126,691 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 2,855,441,202 miles driven in Tennessee. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 2,114,274,781 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 20,402,751 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Tennessee Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

123,564,888

90,874,713

104,509,148

50,290,997

3,047,939

--

20,272,518

82,359,771

24,002,813

29,717,407

43,392,748

9,407,581

556,835

​    89,650,444

668,599,863

     5,786,000

674,385,863

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Average Available Sunlit Hours                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                  3.14                                5.2                               7.62                     (24/3.7)

NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center 

2

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Tennessee's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Tennessee's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Tennessee Energy Production Estimates 2014

Total

To replace Tennessee's energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Solar PV to replace all of Tennessee's spent fuels:  5,513 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 7.47 square miles of Tennessee's land surface (excluding surface water)

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
42 State Subtotal:   $169,472,652,000,000 USD
42 State Subtotal Acreage:  169,472,652

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

674,385,863 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 76,984 megawatts per hour averaged

x 7.64 (multplier)  = 588,157 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 3,528,942 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 7.47 acres
= 85.67 acres of every sq mile of Tennessee's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Tennessee Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Tennessee Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

Cost:  $3,528,942,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

                                             2.2%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      42,143                  927 sq miles                      41,216                                      26,378,240

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Tennessee

1,723,000

710,000

--

--

--

--

8,000

2,455,000

791,000

--

      99,000

5,786,000

Tennessee

2

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Biofuels

Crude Oil

Net Interstate Flow of Electricity