Total

Solar PV to replace all of Washington's spent fuels:  38,828 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 1.71 square miles of Washington's land surface (excluding surface water)

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

To replace the state of Washington energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  Washington

                                            6.6%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      71,362                  4,709 sq miles                       66,653                                  42,657,920

Washington Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

2

Type your paragraph here.The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize Washington's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be Washington's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 7,674 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 67,226,609 mWh's annually and 122,784 installed megawatts on 736,704 acres. Currently Washington consumes 2,480,686,666 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 90,793,132 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 23,566,523 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 62,017,166,650 miles driven in Washington. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 1,836,792,595 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 17,725,048 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

Washington Energy Production Estimates 2014
Washington Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

2

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
47 State Subtotal:   $213,963,828,000,000 USD
47 State Subtotal Acreage:  213,963,828

Average Available Sunlit Hours                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                   1.16                              6.21                              20.68                  (24/1.16)

​NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center

Washington

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

271,027,272 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 97,071 megawatts per hour averaged

x 16.0 (multplier)  = 1,553,136 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 24,850,176 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 1.71 acres
= 374.26 acres of every sq mile of Washington's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - April 2016

(Megawatthours)

Lithor.com  Copyright  2012-16  |  All Rights Reserved

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Washington Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other Washington Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

22,419,937

93,389,132

90,793,421

40,795,494

4,366,759

11,957,300

28,222,745

28,287,958

213,706,817

35,490,908

  271,027,272

840,457,743

      9,888,000

850,345,743

Cost:  $9,318,816,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

--

335,000

--

--

--

--

--

814,000

7,767,000

--

   972,000

9,888,000

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables