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Note; The replacement of gasoline combustion vehicles replaced by electric vehicles would have net reduction of energy effect of approximately 2,274 megawatts per hour.  (Example; Chevy Volt automobile with a rating of 100 miles per 38 kilowatt hours with an 80% recharge in 20 minutes.) This would have a net reduction of 19,920,666 mWh's annually and 18,805 installed megawatts on 112,830 acres. Currently West Virginia consumes 735,079,918 gallons of gasoline annually which is equivalent to 26,903,925 megawatt hours. Electric vehicles similar to the Chevy Volt would only utilize about 6,983,259 megawatt hours for the same rated miles when compared to an automobile combustion ratio of 25 mpg for a total of 18,376,997,950 miles driven in West Virginia. This would also have the affect of reducing the consumption of gasoline in terms of energy by 544,280,491 gallons of gasoline. This would also reduce the equivalent of 5,252,306 tons of carbon dioxide emissions. One gallon of U.S. automotive gasoline is equivalent to 36.6 kilowatt hours of electricity.

1,270,697,599 megawatthours divided by 8,760 hours per year = 145,056 megawatts per hour averaged

x 9.71 (multplier)  = 1,408,493 mW p/hr minimum under ideal weather averaged - accessible with battery storage
x 6 acres = 8,450,958 acres
= 1 acre of solar PV in every 1.82 acres
= 351.64 acres of every sq mile of West Virginia's land surface.  (excluding surface water acreage)

Cost:  $8,450,958,000,000 USD
($6,000,000 USD per installed megawatt - BP Solar quote 2001, and others. +)

West Virginia Energy Consumption Estimates - 2014
Other West Virginia Spent Same Source Consumption

Trillions of btu's converted to megawatthour equivalents
(Includes production less power generation)

U.S. Accumulative + DC Solar PV To Replace Fuels & Energy  (2014)
48 State Subtotal:   $222,414,786,000,000 USD
48 State Subtotal Acreage:  222,414,786

To replace the state of West Virginia energy and fuels consumption with solar PV the estimates are as follows.

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Solar PV to replace all of West Virginia's spent fuels:  13,204 sq miles
= 1 square mile of solar PV in every 1.82 square miles of West Virginia's land surface (excluding surface water)

U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC  20585

West Virginia

West Virginia Energy Consumption Estimates 2014

The above megawatt estimated requirements are for the replacement of energy and fuels consumed for electricity, heating and cooling, gasoline transportation fuels converted to its electric megawatt equivalent utilizing solar PV. We utilize West Virginia's minimum annual ideal weather 30-year monthly-averaged useful daily hours of solar concentration.  These conversions would be West Virginia's approximate energy demand equivalents in terms of energy, land, and cost.  For this conversion data set, one solar PV megawatt is equal to approximately six acres.  However, other solar PV installations are currently utilizing up to ten or more acres per installed megawatt. There are thermal solar installations utilizing 44 acres per installed megawatt. ("resulting in a land-to-power ratio of 44 acres (180,000 m  ) per 1 megawatt.") ref; Thermal Power Towers - "Power Tower Designs"  wikipedia

West Virginia Energy Production Estimates 2014

832,341,156

352,428,206

26,903,925

21,570,031

1,172,284

--

4,123,302

--

3,322,238

8,821,439

      14,373,018

1,265,055,599

        5,642,000

1,270,697,599

                                            0.6%
Square Miles                    Water                    Net Land Sq Miles                    Net Land Acres
      24,230                   145 sq miles                        24,085                                  15,414,400

2

This installed PV solar energy estimate does not include land cost, taxes, additional infrastructure, or any other cost.  And, additional at-load losses when the solar collection minimum service hours can not be met because of less than ideal weather, nor the cost of future growth.

2

West Virginia Solar Radiation 2 Axis Flat Plate

5,256,000

107,000

--

--

--

--

9,000

--

136,000

--

    134,000

5,642,000

"Solar Radiation for 2-Axis Tracking Flat-Plate Collectors (kWh/m  /day)  Uncertainty ± 9%"  West Virginia

Electric Power Net Generation by Primary Energy
Source and Industry Sector - March 2016

(Megawatthours)

Source: Independent Statistics Analysis
U.S. Energy Information Administration

Total

Other Spent Energy Same Source Data: Lithor


​Conversion Tool:  "Online Conversion"
http://www.onlineconversion.com/

Coal Fired

Natural Gas Fired

Motor Gasoline

Distillate Fuel Oil

LPG

Residual Fuel

Other Petroleum

Nuclear Electric Power

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Other Renewables

Average Available Sunlit Hours                    Minimum                    Maximum                    Multiplier
SolarDirect.com                                                  2.47                               4.12                               9.71                       (24/2.47)

​NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center